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Project Structure

Learn about the structure of a Web3 Action project generated via CLI and understand the general layout of the tenderly.yaml configuration file.
In this guide, you’ll learn how to navigate the files and project structure in a Web3 Action project generated via the Tenderly CLI.

Project overview and root directory file structure

When you run the tenderly actions init command, the Tenderly CLI will create an actions root directory along with the necessary files. By default, the actions root directory is named actions.
However, you're able to specify another name during the initialization process. Once initialized, the name of the root directory can still be adjusted by changing the folder name and the sources field inside the tenderly.yaml file.
An example of a TypeScript-based Web3 Actions project structure:
src
|--- actions # actions root directory, can be renamed
|--- |--- example.ts
|--- |--- package.json
|--- |--- tsconfig.json
|--- |--- node_modules
| |--- @tenderly-actions
| |--- typescript
|--- tenderly.yaml
The actions root directory contains the npm project for your Web3 Actions. All relevant files, including package.json, node_modules, source files, and other dependencies, libraries, and resources, are contained in this folder.
Default files include:
  • actions/example.ts: By default, this file contains all Web3 Actions.
  • tenderly.yaml: This is a configuration file that specifies settings for all Web3 Actions in a project
The size of the zipped actions root directory, including node_modules, must be under 40MB. Make sure you stay below this limit when installing additional packages.

The tenderly.yaml file structure

The tenderly.yaml file contains configurations and settings for a Tenderly project and all Web3 Actions.
For the purpose of this guide, the completed example tenderly.yaml file will look like this:
account_id: "tenderly-username"
project_slug: "our-cool-project"
actions:
our-org/our-cool-project:
runtime: v1
sources: actions
specs:
bestActionEver:
description: Does the best thing ever
function: very/organized/file:bestActionEver
trigger:
type: block
block:
network:
- 3
blocks: 10
Now, let’s break down what each section of this file does and how to configure it.
For easier understanding, think of the tenderly.yaml as containing two primary sections:
  • General configuration: A section containing the name of the account and project the Web3 Action is associated with.
  • Web3 Actions configuration: A section containing configurations for the Web3 Action itself, essentially informing Tenderly when it should be run.

General configuration

The general configuration section includes the following key-value pairs:
account_id: "johnDoe"
project_slug: "our-cool-project"
  • account_id: Your username
  • project_slug: Slug of the project associated with the Web3 Action (optional, can be left empty)
Check out this guide to learn how to find the organization name, username, and project slug.

Web3 Actions configuration

The actions object is where you start defining your Web3 Actions, including the project settings, such as runtime, sources location, and the actual Web3 Action declaration.
account_id: "johnDoe"
project_slug: ""
actions:
my-username/my-cool-project: # in case it's an individual project
# our-cool-org/our-cool-project: # in case it's an org-level project
runtime: v1
sources: actions
specs:
...

Specifying the project

Start by specifying the composite key that uniquely identifies the project within the Tenderly platform.
  • username/project-slug: Username and project slug for projects belonging to individual developers
  • org-name/project-slug: Organization name and project slug if your project belongs to an organization
Check out this guide to learn how to find the organization name, username, and project slug.
It's possible to use the same Web3 Actions project for multiple projects you have access to in the Tenderly Dashboard.

Configuring the runtime

Next, you need to specify the runtime version and the directory that contains your Web3 Action code. This data is used by the Tenderly CLI to bundle and deploy your code to the Web3 Actions runtime on Tenderly’s infrastructure.
The following settings are mandatory:
  • runtime: The runtime version. Currently, we support v1, which corresponds to Node 14 as the runtime environment.
  • sources: The location of Web3 Action source files. The value must be a path pointing to the actions root directory, relative to the folder containing the tenderly.yaml file. It should match the path you specified when running the init command.
Example: For the folder structure shown below, the proper value for sources would be web3-actions.
src
|-- web3-actions # actions root directory, can be renamed
| |--- example.ts
| |--- package.json
| |--- tsconfig.json
| |--- node_modules
| |--- @tenderly
| |--- /typescript
|-- tenderly.yaml
If you change the sources value, a directory must exist at the specified path, relative to the actions root, and it must contain your source files with Web3 Action functions.

Defining Web3 Actions settings

Individual Web3 Actions are declared under the specs object. You can declare multiple Web3 Actions in a single tenderly.yaml file.
Each Web3 Action must start with a key that represents the action name (bestActionEver). The action name must be unique at the project level. This key denotes how the deployed Web3 Action is named and represented in the Tenderly Dashboard.
The description key must also be included. The description is generally a sentence or two that describes what a Web3 Action does.
specs:
bestActionEver:
description: Does the best thing ever!
Next, you need to specify the function key to link to the action function you want to run. Source code for Web3 Actions can be split among multiple files or nested in a custom directory structure. The tenderly.yaml file allows for seamless referencing.
For example, a function bestActionEver located in actions/very/organized/file.ts would be referenced in the yaml like so:
our-org/our-cool-project:
runtime: v1
sources: actions
specs:
bestActionEver:
description: Does the best thing ever
function: very/organized/file:bestActionEver
trigger:
...
The next step is to choose and define a trigger for the Web3 Action. A trigger is an event that Tenderly listens to and executes the Web3 Action once a criterion is met.
For an in-depth reference of triggers, explore available Web3 Action Trigger Types.
When defining a trigger for a Web3 Action, the first thing to specify is its type. In the example below, we’re defining the block trigger type. This means that the bestActionEver Web3 Action will run once every 10 blocks get mined on Rinkeby.
bestActionEver:
description: Does the best thing ever
function: very/organized/file:bestActionEver
trigger:
type: block
block:
network:
- 3
blocks: 10